After Covid-19, black fungus is making headlines. The rare fungal infection has been announced epidemic by some state governments. The addition of black fungus infection in the middle of the raging second wave of Covid infection is causing lots of worry among the public.
Doctors say it is not a new disease, they say they used to treat the disease in the past also, but the cases were very less then.
Known ophthalmologist, Director of MM Joshi Eye Institute Dr. Srinivas Joshi told Hubli Express that the disease affects those who are immunocompromised, individuals having uncontrolled diabetes and other comorbidities.
Dr. Joshi told that Covid-19 patients who were put on prolonged oxygen support or high flow oxygen support, or put on steroids are also likely to be infected with the infection. Tap water used in the production of medical oxygen and environmental factors are could be the reason for the disease.
Dr Joshi said the disease is dangerous for Covid-19 patients having severe diabetes.
He said the disease has a high mortality rate but an early diagnosis can prove beneficial. He said the fungus enters through the nose and affects the sinus and later affects the eyes and brain. Hence to treat the patients affected with the black fungus a multi-disciplinary approach is important.
Don’t neglect headaches, swelling in and around the nose
Acute headache, swelling around the nose, on the face, the blocked nose could be the early signs hence those who are immunocompromised if they experience the symptoms should not make any delay and visit the ENT specialist and early treatment prevents most of the complications.
Mucormycosis in the later stage affects the eyes also, it badly damages optical nerves. Some patients may report, redness in the eyes, pain in the eyes, blurred vision, swelling in the eyes., if the patients experience any such symptoms they should not make any delay in seeking the consultation of ophthalmologists, said Dr. Joshi.
Dr. Joshi said that MM Joshi Eye Institute is treating around 30 patients whose eyes were infected with mucormycosis.